Chiropractic, also chiropraxis, is derived from the Greek words cheir meaning hand, and practikos meaning to do or efficient. In simpler terms, it means done by hand. Chiropractic care is a therapeutic system based on the belief that physical disorders are a result of a malfunctioning nervous system. It also has as its doctrine that the body is self-healing. Spinal manipulation is the primary treatment that chiropractors employ because it is theorized that the realignment of the spinal cord will restore a person's normal health condition.
According to Chapman-Smith, Chiropractic is classified as complementary and alternative medicine or CAM. It is non pharmaceutical and nonsurgical. However, it should always be kept in mind that it may never replace the benefits of drugs and surgery in cases where these are the most viable options to get well.
Originally, chiropractic has existed in many cultures long before the 19th century, but Daniel D. Palmer, a grocer and a magnetic healer, is famous for the technique. He founded the modern chiropractic theory during the 1890s and a school seven years later. In his theory, Palmer stresses that all communication is directly associated with the spine, and its misalignment can cause physical disorders relating to the spine and other body parts.
After his death, his son B.J. carried on his work. Faculty member from the college he has established were divided over the role of sublaxation in disease. Sublaxation is a descriptive method of identifying and/or describing the signs and symptoms of the spinal column. It is usually a term common to straight chiropractors.
Neuromusculoskeletal disorders often result to low back pain, high blood pressure and headache and in chiropractic; these are treated via manual/physical therapy, exercise programs, diet management and lifestyle counseling. Manual/physical therapy may cause muscle spasms and acute muscular pains, but these go away in a matter of days after therapy and are deemed harmless side effects.
Traditionally, chiropractors aren't recognized by the medical community, but since its practice has been backed up by science, medical associations have come to acknowledge it benefits for ailing patients. Today, chiropractic claims its place in the medical world, although not as solid a background it has in the hospital scene, more doctors refer to this treatment as effective. Also, since it is non pharmaceutical and non surgical, patients or people have become more willing to try its benefits. Chiropractors are usually licensed to do the job. They have gone intense training and have been certified to practice.